What Diseases Cause Hair Loss? What diseases cause hair loss is a typical question. The answers to this question depend mostly on the symptoms and the types of hair loss.
Healthy hair is important to have a well-groomed appearance and to feel good. However, many factors such as eating habits, stress, using the wrong product, and various diseases can cause hair loss. Hair loss affects the psychology of the person in addition to aesthetic appearance. For this reason, it is particularly important to determine the source of the problem and to stop hair loss with a correct evaluation and planning.
Every existing hair strand has a life cycle. Each hair strand lives for 4-6 years, then rests and then falls out. Shedding hair in this way is an extremely natural process and 50-100 hairs per day can be shed.
However, if there are more than 50-100 hairs per day, if the hair strands are extremely thin and the hair has lost its vitality, you should plan a visit to your doctor. Because this type of hair loss is a type of excessive hair loss.
What Diseases Cause Hair Loss?
Hormonal Changes: Many physiological and pathological conditions that cause hormonal imbalances can lead to excessive hair loss. For example, conditions such as pregnancy, use of birth control pills, menopause cause hormonal levels to rise and fall and cause excessive hair loss. This type of hair loss can be prevented with hormonal treatments.
Genetic Factors: In general, the causes of hair loss in women and men are different. Hair loss seen in men is generally hair loss that is sensitive to genetic and male-type hormones. This type of hair loss is chronic. As the age progresses, baldness develops and consequently requires hair transplantation.
Reinforcement treatments, mesotherapy, and PRP treatment can slow down the spill rate. Genetic hair loss is also seen in women. Especially people with baldness in their families face the risk of hair loss. Today, male pattern hair loss, which starts between the ages of 16-18 in women, is more common in young girls.
Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency: Excessive hair loss may also occur if the vitamins required for hair are insufficient in the body. If vitamins and minerals such as B12, vitamin D, folic acid, biotin, zinc, iron are not taken into the body, shedding starts.
Skin Problems: Skin and internal diseases can also cause excessive hair loss. Hair loss is inevitable in psoriasis, eczema, acne, primary disease, excessively oily skin, and fungal diseases. The treatment of this spill is possible with the treatment of the underlying skin disease.
Wrong Eating Habits: Not eating a regular and balanced diet, long-term hunger, a uniform diet, and consuming foods with high carbohydrate content can also cause excessive hair loss. Excessive hair loss due to malnutrition can correct by adhering to a balanced and regular nutrition program.
Thyroid Gland Disorders: The thyroid is a small gland and lies under the skin below Adam’s apple in the neck. The two lobes of the gland are connected in the middle, so the gland resembles the letter H. Normally, the thyroid gland cannot be seen. If it becomes enlarged, the doctor can feel it easily. In this case, the goiter may appear below or on two sides of Adam’s apple. Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism both cause hair loss.
Insulin Resistance: This is also an answer to the question of what diseases cause hair loss? Insulin is a hormone that regulates sugar metabolism secreted from the pancreas. While insulin is making this regulation, it binds to a structure called an insulin receptor.
Insulin resistance is defining as the difficulty of insulin secreted to control sugar in the body. As insulin resistance increases, insulin increases to maintain sugar control. This means that more insulin is secreting in the body. Since insulin resistance causes insulin it can cause weight gain, fatty liver, heart, and vascular diseases.
Alopecia Areata: It is an autoimmune disease and attacks hair follicles directly. It is a disease characterized by the sudden loss of a person’s hair or other hairs such as eyebrows, eyelashes.
Hair-Pulling Disorder: People with trichotillomania need to pull out their hair, usually from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes. It is most common in children. This is also a habit and may persist throughout life. This habit may not be noticed for a long time. And sometimes it can be confused with alopecia areata. A biopsy sometimes helps a doctor pin down the diagnosis.
Lupus: It is a rheumatic disease that involves many organs in the body. It is popularly naming as a butterfly disease. Lupus disease is one of the autoimmune diseases.
Cancer: Especially Hodgkin’s lymphoma can cause hair loss. Chemotherapy can mostly cause hair loss.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: This is a hormonal disorder and can cause hair loss.
Traumatic Alopecia: This disease is also known as the answer to what diseases cause hair loss. Traumatic Alopecia occurs because of the wrong hairdressing techniques. Curling hair and hot rollers damage the hair. Besides these, rare psychiatric disorders can cause hair loss
Hair loss can also be due to medications used to treat cancer as follows;
- Heart problems
- A physical or emotional shock that may trigger noticeable hair loss is death in the family
- Extreme weight loss
- High blood pressure
- A high fever
In conclusion, what diseases cause hair loss can be understood by examining the necessary tests due to hair loss types.