Hair Follicle Transplant Surgery. Today, hair loss experienced by many people, regardless of whether they are men or women, affects people enough to damage their self-confidence and have problems in their social lives. Because hair directly affects the general appearance of people. For example, people with hair loss look older than others, and they cannot be said to look very good aesthetically. Hair transplantation has been developed to eliminate these problems of people and has come a long way in restoring hair to people by achieving its purpose in a very short time.
What is Hair Transplant?
Hair transplantation is the process of transplanting the hair follicles taken from the nape of people with hair loss problems and baldness to the problem area. The roots to be transplanted in hair transplantation are selected from healthy and strong roots that are not likely to fall out. It is a safe method that can be applied by people who experience lightening and thinning due to hair loss. In other words, the person who will have a hair transplant does not need to be completely bald.
Hair Follicle Transplant Surgery
Hair transplantation is the most effective method applied to hair loss and baldness problems. There will be no shedding of the roots transplanted with hair transplantation. With hair transplantation, people can have old, even stronger, and healthier hair in as little as 6 months.
Hair transplantation is a medical operation performed by specialist physicians and teams in the operating room environment. Also, hair transplantation should be done with high precision and meticulousness. Errors that can be made during the operation may cause negativity in terms of the patient’s image. It is almost impossible to come back from these negativities. However, if the restoration is done after hair transplantation, corrections can be achieved. This type of correction is generally not guaranteed. Therefore, it is best to be meticulous in choosing the center and doctor where hair transplantation will be performed.
Who Can Have Hair Transplantation?
Hair transplantation can be applied to male and female patients who have hair loss problems, regardless of gender. It is an operation that can be applied immediately if there is no obstacle in the tests and analyzes performed before hair transplantation.
Oncology patients who want to have a hair transplant must first complete their cancer treatment. Hair transplantation cannot be performed at the same time while cancer treatment is in progress.
Care should be taken when applying hair transplantation in diabetic patients. During the operation, bleeding that may occur when the canals are opened to the skin and hair follicles are taken from the donor area can be a risk factor.
Hair transplantation is not applied to people who are allergic to the ingredients of the solution applied to the scalp during hair transplantation or it is applied with care. At the same time, hair transplantation may not be applied due to insufficient donor area. If there is no healthy root that can be transplanted in the hairy area or other parts of the body of the patient, hair transplantation is not possible in these patients. Because hair transplantation is a procedure that can only be done from one’s body hair.
We have said that experts use hair follicles to transplant the hair. FUE and FUT methods are the most applied methods in hair transplantation.
Follicular Unit Extraction
In the Follicular Unit Extraction Method, in the FUE method, hair follicles are taken one by one with micro punches that create scratches with a special tip, 0.6mm – 0.8mm in diameter, under local anesthesia, and placed in the bald areas, taking into account the natural hair exit angle and direction.
There are approximately 2-3 hair follicles in the collected grafts. In an average session, 4000-6000 grafts, in 8000 – 12000 hair follicles, are obtained. The sowing time varies between 5 and 7 hours depending on the width of the opening area. One of the most important issues to be considered in hair transplantation is that it is applied in hospital and operating room conditions.
The area where the hair follicles will be transplanted has been previously marked and determined. A channel is opened in this area and transplantation is made according to the size and direction of the hair follicle.
It is possible to transplant 50 – 60 hair follicles per square centimeter, depending on the number of roots and the opening.
FUE Hair Transplant Advantages
- Only hair follicles are removed without removing tissue from the donor area.
- In the donor area, no incision is made, only in the area where the hair follicles are taken, there are scrapes smaller than 1 mm in diameter.
- Hair follicles taken from the donor area with the FUE technique can be used for beard, eyebrow, and mustache transplantation.
- Up to 6,000 hair follicles can be taken during the acquisition process, each of which has 2-3 hair strands.
- With the FUE hair transplant method, hair follicles are placed at frequent intervals. It makes the hair more natural and bushy.
- In the FUE hair transplant method applied since 2004; The hair follicles taken from the donor are taken one by one and made ready for transplantation without any surgical procedure.
The FUT Method in Hair Transplant
The FUT technique, which was used in hair transplantation in the 90s, is the oldest technique used in hair transplantation today. Hair transplantation is not performed using the FUT technique. The hair follicles to be transplanted are cut from the donor area together with the skin after local anesthesia is applied. Since the incision is used, the FUT technique, which is a surgical operation, requires stitching in the area where the incision is made. The cut strips are divided into pieces and placed in the planting area. Sutures placed in the donor area should be removed 1 week after the procedure.
Although it is still well known, the FUT technique has lost its preference due to the fact that it is a very old technique, the tissue damage that had to be created during the operation phase, and the incision procedure. Hair Follicle Transplant Surgery