Alopecia Hair Loss Disease Alopecia areata or Alopecia hair loss disease is an autoimmune disease. Hair loss is in the form of small patches on the skull in this illness. These bald areas can be single or many at the same time. There may be spills covering the entire area. But it is very rare.

Although it is rare, this disease also affects different parts of the body in some cases. The disease can progress to complete loss of scalp hair or complete loss of all body hair. Hair follicles remain active even if the disease is active.

This implies that the hair can grow up. Hair loss and regrowth can be cyclical. The reason for this is the head area because in this area the hair is most concentrated in the body.

Signs and Symptoms of Alopecia Hair Loss Disease

Hair loss is usually the only symptom of Alopecia hair loss disease. Some patients may have a burning sensation and itching on their skins. Alopecia areata usually begins as one or several hair-loss patches. The patches with hair loss are usually smooth and round. They are peach-colored. Hairs usually look like exclamation marks.

Shedding is most common in the scalp. Besides, hair loss may occur in the beard, eyebrows, groin, arms, or legs. In some cases, pits in the nails can occur.

Alopecia hair loss disease is usually seen in young people. It is a  kind of disorder. Hair loss experienced is shed in clusters.

The hairless area can be seen more than once on the skin. It occurs in rounded shapes intermittently in the region. This situation may occur in different areas of the body. It can be on beard regions in men.

In Some Cases, Alopecia Hair Loss Can Be Continuously

In some cases, alopecia can continue. Sometimes the hair may not come back. These situations are:

  • For people with a family history of alopecia areata
  • People with another autoimmune disease
  • In people with allergic predisposition
  • People with more hair loss
  • People with the disease for more than 1 year
  • In people with this disease during adolescence

What Causes Alopecia Hair Loss Disease?

  • Genetics
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Immune system weakness
  • Hormonal issues
  • Lack of vitamins
  • Stress
  • Drug use
  • Chemotherapy

Genetic Incidence can cause Alopecia hair loss disease.

Alopecia areata usually starts in childhood. Alopecia is likely to turn into a serious type such as Universalis in cases that start in childhood. The incidence of the disease in men and women is equal.

Alopecia areata is one of the most common human autoimmune diseases seen in the world. The incidence of the disease is independent of ethnic origin.

Genetic Factors

The exact cause of alopecia hair loss disease is not yet known. It is a combination of possible factors. Factors include changes in the hair and skin and many genes working in the immune system.

Alopecia areata is a broad group of immune system diseases classified as autoimmune disorders. The immune system targets hair follicles and stops hair growth.

Disease-Related Genes

Most of the genes associated with alopecia hair loss disease participate in the body’s immune response. These are known as the HLA complex.

Certain changes in HLA genes possibly contribute to the erroneous immune response. It is targeting hair follicles leading to alopecia areata.

Immune system genes other than the HLA complex, like several genes involved in inflammation, have also been linked to alopecia areata.

Treatments

The treatment of alopecia hair loss disease aims to stop the progression of the disease, to eliminate or reduce the symptoms as much as possible.

Physical examination is the best method for diagnosis. Focusing on areas of hair loss is the best method for this disease.  Scalp biopsy is another method for diagnosis.

Your doctor can diagnose this by focusing on areas of hair loss. The doctor asks the patient to have blood tests for diagnosis.

As a result of the tests, the doctor can quickly decide about the diagnosis. Hair analyses are performed as well as blood tests.

People with alopecia hair loss disease should not expect self-recovery. First, in the treatment of the disease the immune system weakening, lack of vitamins, and stress factors should be eliminated.

These situations are the factors that cause the disease. For this reason, it should be considered first in the treatment process. During the treatment process, doctors use cortisone medications in areas with hair loss. The treatment process ends with hair growth.

In alopecia hair loss disease, there is no treatment method completely effective in every patient. Patients can give variable responses to different treatments. If the hair starts to grow it means the treatment is successful.  Therefore, it will be useful to have a method that will evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment.

The Healing Process of Alopecia Hair Loss Disease Generally Results in Positively

As a result,  Alopecia hair loss disease is a skin disease.  The doctor must check the symptoms first. There are many reasons for hair loss. A hair loss that you think of as ringworm may be the first symptom of another ailment. Patients should not forget that the treatment of ringworm disease results positively and hair follicles can grow again